Two months were added at the end of the year to complete the cycle during winter, January and February, before the intercalary month inserted every two years; the intercalary month was sometimes known as Mercedonius.
What two months were added?
1: The Romans originally used a 10-month calendar, but Julius and Augustus Caesar each wanted months named after them, so they added July and August.
Did Julius Caesar Add 2 months?
The months of January and February were added to the calendar and the original fifth and sixth months were renamed July and August in honour of Julius Caesar and his successor Augustus. These months were both given 31 days to reflect their importance, having been named after Roman leaders.
When was January added?
With this reform, January officially became the first month in the year 153 BCE. In the year 46 BCE, Julius Caesar introduced a new calendar system—the Julian calendar. He added ten days to the year and introduced the leap day. In the Julian calendar, January was expanded to 31 days.
Numa Pompilius, according to tradition the second king of Rome (715?-673? B.C.E.), is supposed to have added two extra months, January and February, to fill the gap and to have increased the total number of days by 50, making 354.
Why is January named after Janus?
January is named after the Roman god Janus. As you can see in this print, he had two faces so he could see the future and the past! He was also the god of doors. The Roman calendar originally began in March, and the months of January and February were added later, after a calendar reform.
The original calendars were lunar: a month = a moon. A lunation (from one new moon to the next) is roughly 29.5 days, so the old calendars alternated 29 and 30 day months, with an occasional extra day added to keep from drifting away from the lunar cycle.
What being born in January says about you?
People born before January 20 are Capricorns, while people born toward the end of January have the sign of Aquarius. Capricorns are said to be very independent, disciplined, and organized, often making strong leaders. Aquarians are reportedly in touch with their emotions and have strong humanitarian instincts.